HTML Form Buttons

Learn how to add HTML buttons to your forms. Buttons allow visitors to submit a form to your server for processing, and interact with your forms in other ways.

As well as fields such as text fields, checkboxes and select menus, an HTML form can contain different types of buttons. Form buttons allow the user to submit the filled-in form to the server for processing. Your form will generally contain at least one form submit button so that the form can be sent.

Find out how to create HTML forms in our HTML forms tutorial.

The submit button

Form submit buttons usually send the form data to the script that was specified in the action attribute of the form tag (as described above). It takes the format:


<input type="submit" name="xxxx" value="xxxx">

The optional name attribute is the name of the button (for example, "sendform"). The value attribute specifies the value associated with this button. The value will also be the text label that appears on the button.

Note that the submit button behaves rather like a checkbox, in that the button's value itself is sent as a form field named after the button's name. So if your button was called sendform and had a value of "Send Now!", then the form field sendform having value "Send Now!" would be sent to the server, along with the rest of the submitted form data.

You can also include more than one submit button in the form, and use your server script to determine which of the form buttons was pressed by looking at the fields that were submitted (only the value of the button that was pressed will be sent to the server).

Example 1: Simple form submit button


<input type="submit" value="Send Now!">

Example 2: Two form submit buttons


<input type="submit" name="send_button" value="Send">
<input type="submit" name="send_button" value="Send Now!">

(If the first form button is pressed, then the field send_button with value "Send" will be sent to the server. If the second button is pressed, the field send_button with value "Send Now!" will be sent to the server.)

Images and image buttons

You can use an image as a form button, thanks to the image input type. An image form button behaves exactly like a regular submit button, with the additional feature that the X and Y coordinates of the point where the user clicked on the image are submitted as well. These coordinates are taken from the top left of the image.

The coordinates are returned as the values of two field names, name.x and name.y, where name is the image button's name. For example, if the user clicked on an image called fred, at a point 50 pixels across by 35 pixels down from the top-left corner, the fields name.x and name.y would be submitted, with values of 50 and 35 respectively.

The HTML for an image form button takes the format:


<input type="image" name="xxxx" src="xxxx" width="xxxx"
height="xxxx" border="xxxx" align="xxxx" hspace="xxxx"
vspace="xxxx" alt="xxxx">

The name attribute is the name of the field (for example, "checkout"). The src and alt attributes behave exactly like their counterparts in the img element (as explained in the HTML images tutorial).

HTML image form button example:


<input type="image" name="checkout"
value="Proceed to Checkout"
src="images/checkout_button.gif" style="width: 170px; height=23px;"
alt="Proceed to Checkout">

The reset form button

The reset button type is used to reset the contents of the form to their original values. This means that each form field will change back to the value it had when the form loaded - either null (empty), or the default value set with the value attribute.

The syntax for reset buttons is simply:


<input type="reset" name="xxxx" value="xxxx">

As with regular form buttons, if you specify a text string value then that text string will appear as the label on the button.

Example:


<input type="reset" value="Reset the Form">

General form buttons

It's also possible to create generic HTML buttons. These buttons won't do anything unless you write some code around them (for example, using onclick to call some JavaScript).

To create a generic form button, use the syntax:


<input type="button" name="xxxx" value="xxxx">

The optional name attribute is the name of the form button (for example, mybutton). The value attribute specifies the value associated with this button. The value will also be the text label that appears on the button.

Example:


<input type="button" name="mybutton" value="Click Me!">

Other types of form fields

Now that you know how to create form submit, image, reset, and generic buttons using HTML, find out about:

Follow Elated

Related articles

Responses to this article

3 responses (oldest first):

21-Apr-11 06:56
Thanks for step by step guidance of html-form-buttons! You make it easy to understood.
22-Mar-12 17:05
Hello,

Do you have a tutorial that shows multiple submit buttons on a form using CSS rollover images? I have this working without rollovers and I have rollovers working as shown here:http://www.elated.com/articles/css-rollover-buttons/ but I cannot figure out how to combine both? Any examples you could share please?

Thanks!
23-Mar-12 17:41
Here is the test page in question.

http://www.speedylines.com/test/store_console.php

Best Regards.

Post a response

Want to add a comment, or ask a question about this article? Post a response.

To post responses you need to be a member. Not a member yet? Signing up is free, easy and only takes a minute. Sign up now.

Top of Page